Differences Between Modular OT And Conventional OT
What is Differences Between Modular OT and Conventional OT
Modular OT and Conventional OT are the most basic operation theaters around the world. Through this blog, we will try to know what the differences between Modular OT and Conventional OT are.
If you are looking for Modular Operation Theatre then you are at the right place. Altos engineers are capable of meeting all your modular operation theater requirements, Call Us Now or Message US on WhatsApp or Visit Our Website and Fill Inquiry Form. Please call +91-8750050499.
Modular Operation Theatre is becoming very popular in India as hospitals & medicals are moving towards more economically viable, safer and cleaner operation theatres.
Modular operation theaters are operation theaters that are built inside a hospital with metal and glass ceilings and walls to provide optimal conditions for the patient to operate. These conditions include efficient lighting, laminar air flow, anti-static flooring, and many other features that aid in operation.
How Do You See Modular Operation Theaters in India
There are a number of advantages hospitals get by opting for modular OT over conventional operation theatres, as we have already mentioned, safety, cleanliness and cost play a huge role in this. Modular operation theaters are more efficient than conventional OTs and are also easier to use.
Modular Operation theatres in India
Modular operation theater (OT) are becoming increasingly popular in India because of their many advantages over Conventional OTs. Modular OTs are constructed off-site in a controlled environment and then transported and installed on-site, providing a faster, more efficient, and more cost-effective alternative to Conventional construction methods.
Modular OTs also offer greater flexibility and customization options, allowing hospitals to design and install OT that meet their specific needs and requirements. In addition, modular construction is more sustainable and eco-friendly than Conventional construction methods, resulting in lower carbon footprint and reduced waste.
Modular OT as a promising solution for the healthcare industry in India, particularly in areas where there is a shortage of medical facilities and where Conventional construction methods are not feasible or cost-effective. As the demand for healthcare services in India continues to grow.
Altos engineers have been able to meet the demand of modular operation theaters and along with this you will find many more features that we offer you.
What is The Cost of a Modular OT in India
If we talk about the cost of building a modular OT, then a modular operation theater is decided keeping in mind its size, quality of equipment, and many other things.
If we talk about what Altos Engineers can cost to effectively build a modular OT, then let us tell you that it comes between Rs – 10,00,000 to 50,00,000 in India.
Altos Engineers has one of the best teams working on manufacturing modular OT in India, if you have any kind of inquiry regarding manufacturing a modular OT please call us now ( +91-8750050499).
Differences Between Modular Operation Theatres and Conventional Operation Theatres
Here are 10 specifications that are included in the Modular OT:
Size and layout: Modular OTs can be customized to fit the specific needs of the hospital or clinic, but typically measure between 300-500 square feet.
Walls and ceiling: The walls and ceiling of modular OT are typically constructed using high-grade stainless steel or aluminum panels, which provide a sterile and easy-to-clean surface.
Flooring: The flooring of modular OT is typically made of non-slip, anti-static vinyl or epoxy, which is durable and easy to clean.
Air conditioning and ventilation: Modular OTs are equipped with specialized air conditioning and ventilation systems that maintain a stable temperature and provide a sterile environment to reduce the risk of infection.
Lighting: Modular OT are equipped with bright, energy-efficient LED lighting that provides optimal illumination for surgical procedures.
Medical gas supply: Modular OTs are equipped with a range of medical gas outlets, including oxygen, nitrogen, and vacuum, to support surgical procedures.
Electrical systems: Modular OT are equipped with a range of electrical outlets and equipment to support surgical procedures, including surgical lights, monitors, and anesthesia machines.
Fire safety: Modular OT are equipped with fire suppression systems, including smoke detectors and fire alarms, to ensure the safety of patients and staff.
Sterilization equipment: Modular OT are equipped with sterilization equipment, including autoclaves and sterilization machines, to ensure that all instruments and equipment are properly sterilized before use.
Accessibility: Modular OTs are designed to be accessible to all patients, including those with disabilities, and are equipped with features such as wheelchair ramps and adjustable exam tables.
Here are 10 specifications that are commonly included in Conventional OT:
Size and layout: Conventional OT are typically larger than modular OT, with an average size of 800-1000 square feet.
Walls and ceiling: The walls and ceiling of conventional OT are typically made of smooth, non-porous materials such as tiles or epoxy paint, which provide a sterile and easy-to-clean surface.
Flooring: The flooring of conventional OT is typically made of non-slip, seamless materials such as vinyl or epoxy, which are durable and easy to clean.
Air conditioning and ventilation: Conventional OT are equipped with specialized air conditioning and ventilation systems that maintain a stable temperature and provide a sterile environment to reduce the risk of infection.
Lighting: Conventional OT are equipped with bright, high-intensity lighting that provides optimal illumination for surgical procedures.
Medical gas supply: Conventional OT are equipped with a range of medical gas outlets, including oxygen, nitrogen, and vacuum, to support surgical procedures.
Electrical systems: Conventional OTs are equipped with a range of electrical outlets and equipment to support surgical procedures, including surgical lights, monitors, and anesthesia machines.
Fire safety: Conventional OT are equipped with fire suppression systems, including smoke detectors and fire alarms, to ensure the safety of patients and staff.
Sterilization equipment: Conventional OT are equipped with sterilization equipment, including autoclaves and sterilization machines, to ensure that all instruments and equipment are properly sterilized before use.
Accessibility: Conventional OTs are designed to be accessible to all patients, including those with disabilities, and are equipped with features such as wheelchair ramps and adjustable exam tables.
15 Difference How Are Modular OT Better Than Conventional OT?
Here are 15 differences that illustrate how Modular OT are better than Conventional OT:
Speed of Construction: Modular OT are faster to construct than Conventional OT, as they are manufactured off-site in a controlled environment and then transported and assembled on-site.
Reduced Construction Costs: Modular OT are typically less expensive to construct than Conventional OT, as they require less on-site labor and have lower material waste.
Customization: Modular OTs can be easily customized to meet the specific needs of the hospital or clinic, providing greater flexibility than Conventional OT.
Eco-Friendliness: Modular OT are more eco-friendly than Conventional OT, as they generate less construction waste and require fewer resources to manufacture.
Quality Control: Modular OT are manufactured in a controlled environment, ensuring high-quality construction and consistent standards.
Reduced Disruption: Modular OT can be installed with minimal disruption to hospital operations, as they require less time on-site and generate less noise and dust.
Flexibility in Design: Modular OT can be designed to be expanded or reconfigured as needed, providing greater flexibility than Conventional OT.
Faster Time to Occupancy: Modular OT can be installed and operational in a matter of weeks, compared to the months required for Conventional OT.
Durability: Modular OT are constructed using high-quality materials and are designed to be durable and long-lasting.
Ease of Maintenance: Modular OTs are designed to be easy to maintain and repair, with readily accessible components and systems.
Portability: Modular OT can be easily relocated if needed, providing greater flexibility in facility management.
Reduced Risk of Contamination: Modular OT are designed to minimize the risk of contamination, with specialized air conditioning and ventilation systems and smooth, non-porous surfaces.
Improved Infection Control: Modular OT are designed to meet strict infection control standards, with features such as antimicrobial surfaces and HEPA filters.
Scalability: Modular OT can be easily scaled up or down as needed, providing greater flexibility in responding to changing patient needs.
Lower Lifetime Cost: Modular OTs have a lower lifetime cost than Conventional OT, as they require less ongoing maintenance and have a longer lifespan.
Why Modular OTs Are Popular in India
Modular OTs are becoming increasingly popular in India for several reasons:
Faster Construction: Modular OT can be constructed much faster than Conventional OT, which is particularly important in India where there is a need for new medical facilities to be built quickly.
Cost-Effective: Modular OTs are typically less expensive to construct than Conventional OT, which is important in a country like India where there are often budget constraints on healthcare infrastructure.
Customization: Modular OT can be easily customized to meet the specific needs of the hospital or clinic, providing greater flexibility than Conventional OT.
Quality Control: Modular OTs are manufactured in a controlled environment, ensuring high-quality construction and consistent standards.
Portability: Modular OT can be easily relocated if needed, providing greater flexibility in facility management.
Improved Infection Control: Modular OTs are designed to meet strict infection control standards, which is particularly important in India where there is a high prevalence of infectious diseases.
Scalability: Modular OT can be easily scaled up or down as needed, providing greater flexibility in responding to changing patient needs.
Eco-Friendliness: Modular OT are more eco-friendly than Conventional OTs, which is important in a country like India where there is a growing concern about the environment.
The benefits of modular OT make them an attractive option for hospitals and clinics in India, especially in areas that lack medical facilities and where Conventional construction methods are not feasible or cost-effective.
Location Where We Provide Modular OT Services
- Andhra Pradesh
- Arunachal Pradesh
- Himachal Pradesh
- Jammu & Kashmir
- Madhya Pradesh
- Tamil Nadu
- Uttar Pradesh
- West Bengal
How To Setup A Modular Operation Theater (Modular OT) in India?
Setting up a modular operation theatre requires careful planning and attention to detail to ensure that it meets the specific needs of the healthcare facility. Here are the general steps you can follow to set up a modular operation theatre:
Determine The Size and Layout: The first step is to determine the size and layout of the modular operation theatre based on the needs of the healthcare facility. It should be spacious enough to accommodate all necessary equipment, staff, and patients.
Select The Right Materials: Modular operation theatres are constructed using high-quality materials that are resistant to bacteria and other harmful microorganisms. These materials should be easy to clean and maintain to prevent the spread of infections.
Choose The Right Equipment: The equipment required for a modular operation theatre will depend on the type of procedures that will be performed. It is important to select equipment that is compatible with the modular theatre design and meets the specific needs of the healthcare facility.
Install Lighting and Ventilation: Proper lighting and ventilation are essential in a modular operation theatre to ensure a safe and sterile environment. The lighting should be bright but not harsh, and the ventilation system should be designed to maintain a constant flow of fresh air.
Install Flooring, Walls, and Ceiling: The flooring, walls, and ceiling of the modular operation theatre should be constructed using materials that are easy to clean and maintain. They should be resistant to scratches, dents, and wear and tear.
Ensure Proper Electrical and Plumbing Connections: The modular operation theatre should have proper electrical and plumbing connections to ensure that all equipment functions properly and that the environment remains sterile.
Train Staff: Once the modular operation theatre is set up, staff should be trained on how to use the equipment and maintain the sterile environment.
If you want to install Modular Operation Theater (Modular OT) at your place, Please Call +91-8750050499, or visit our official website : www.altosengineers.com and fill the inquiry form. We provide best quality modular OT, We will be more than happy to assist you.
HOW TO SETUP MODULAR OT ?
A modular OT is an Operation theatre which consists of wall, ceiling and slanted panels which is capable of housing or incorporating electrical, medical gases, lighting gears and any other equipment needed for the operation.
If you want to enquire and get quote for your Modular OT construction Please call +91 8750050499.
It is called a Modular OT since it is usually constructed by using steel and glass structures inside the hospital in the form of a module. It should have enough flexibility to accommodate any type of equipment needed for different operations.
Why do we need Modular OT?
- Sterility : To have complete infection free cases
- To achieve a very low level of Bacteria count in the OT
- To have Non-porous, seamless, easily cleanable surfaces
- To reduce the need of frequent disinfestation.
- Work-Flow Management
- To have concealed wiring and medical pipeline system
- To have a complete hassle free floor area leading to enhanced equipment and personal movement
- To have effective lighting system to operate under better conditions.
- Aesthetics – Pleasing work environment
- Effective lighting by maintaining LUX levels
- Clean air quality and effective ventilation
- Pleasing work environment through the use of different walls and floor colors
Features of a Modular OT?
- A continuous flow of highly filtered “Bacteria free” air into the the operation theatre.
- A continuous removal of contaminated air out of the Operation theatre
- Durable anti-bacterial paint
- Easy to clean and maintain
- Permeability of vapor to escape which protects against the growth of yeast and microbes
- Moisture and Thaw resistance
- Easy to move and get hands on the instruments
- Should be able to accommodate a number of doctors inside.
Main systems of a Modular Operation theatre
- The wall and ceiling
- Laminar flow unit- Plenum
- Hermetically door
- Control Panel
- Pressure relief damper
- Scrub sink
- Writing board
- Hatch Box
Major Components of Modular OT System
- The Wall and ceiling
A modular OT is a free standing structure constructed inside a hospital room. The panels of Modular OT are made of Steel or glass. A 200 micron coat of anti-microbial paint is sprayed on the inside of the panels facing the OT table.
All four corners of the room will have provisions for air duct. Sufficient room should be given inside the Operation theatre for easier operation procedure and the remaining space should be used for storage. The joints and cavities must be filled with epoxy and sanded flush to provide a joint less surface.
- Laminar air flow unit – Plenum
A Modular OT consists of a laminar air flow unit which supplies air into the Modular OT. Laminar flow is defined as the flow of fluid in which the entire flow is steady with uniform velocity in which the flow of lines is parallel to each other.
- Laminar flow unit is used in Modular OTs
- To control the temperature and humidity of space,
- To assist in the removal and dilution of waste anesthetic gases
- To dilute airborne bacterial contamination
- To control the movement of air within the department, such that the amount of airborne bacteria is minimal.
Lights of a Modular OT are fixed to its ceilings. Clear and effective lighting is crucial to the operation. Integral lighting systems provide illuminations in excess of 1300Lux.
Pendants are used in Modulat OTs for convenient positioning of Medical gas pipeline, Equipment and other tools. These are flexible enough to be fixed at variable heights and distances.
Pendants are available in various styles.
- Power Supply
- data points
- mounting medical devices, among others
- Medical Gas Supply
- Shelves for some equipment
- drawer for accessories
- Hermetically Sliding door
The use of hermetically sliding door is to maintain the correct air pressure inside the modular OT. Also Hermetically sliding doors use very less space compared to hinges or any other types of doors. The door should have rubber wheels and made to run on a nylon platform to reduce the abrasion. The doors can be either automatic with controls or manual. It should also be worked manually at the time of power failure.
- OT Control panel
OT Control panel is an electric control panel fixed to the wall of modular OT. Nearly 9 types of controls can be mounted on the panel. These controls include Medical gases, Medical equipment, Ventilation system etc…
- Anti-Static Flooring
Anti-static flooring is used in industries where static can cause interference or damage to employees and/or equipment. Anti-static industrial floors inhibit the generation of electrostatic discharge or ESD, which is the pulse of static electricity that happens when a charged person or surface comes into contact with another object.
NABH STANDARDS FOR MODULAR OT ?
What is NABH – What is the full form of NABH
The full name of NABH is National Accreditation Board for Hospitals.
NABH (National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers) is an autonomous organization established by the Indian government to provide accreditation to hospitals and healthcare providers in India.
NABH is a constituent board of the Quality Council of India (QCI), and its accreditation is considered a certification of quality for healthcare providers.
NABH accreditation is a voluntary process that involves a comprehensive evaluation of a healthcare organization’s processes and systems to ensure that they meet the highest quality and safety standards.
The accreditation process includes an assessment of the organization’s infrastructure, processes, patient safety and care, clinical outcomes, and continuous quality improvement.
NABH accreditation is recognized as a benchmark for quality in healthcare in India and is increasingly sought after by healthcare providers in the country.
It is also recognized by international bodies such as the International Society for Quality in Healthcare (ISQ) and the Asia-Pacific Accreditation Cooperation (APAC).
NABH Standards for Modular OT
This article highlights various aspects of the NABH Modular OT Standards. Modular OT has become a standard in all newly constructed hospitals.
For more information about Modular OTs, Please call +91 8750050499.
What are NABH standards?
The National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare Providers (NABH), is part of the Indian Quality Council. The board was set up to create and run accreditation programs for healthcare organizations.
The NABH Standards are updated every five years. NABH latest released in the year 2020. The Indian healthcare system values NABH accreditation more.
The NABH document contains standards for everything from Facility management, to Personnel, to Operation and maintenance.
Values of NABH standards for Modular OT
Credibility – Provide services that are credible and add value
Responsiveness – Willingness and ability to improve services
Transparency – Openness and transparency in communication with stakeholders
Innovation: Using change, creativity, learning and new ideas in order to improve services
Design Considerations for New Operation Theatres OT construction according to NABH Standards
- Each OT built should have a dedicated AHU and not share the air conditioning with any other areas.
- Paint- antibacterial, anti-fungal
- Clean Room Lights
- Protection against static charge.
- Separate power supply for laser equipment.
- The flooring, walls, and ceilings should be smooth, without corners, and non-porous. They should also be easy to clean. Material should be selected accordingly. Anti-static Flooring, seamless and skirting included, should be made of non-porous stone, as this material absorbs moisture, which could lead to bio-burden.
Air Conditioning according to NABH Standards Modular OT
After extensive discussion with manufacturers, engineers and members of the technical committee, as well as other stakeholders, the following guidelines were finalized.
To this end, the theatres of operation have been divided up into different groups:
- Super specialty OT: Operation theatres are for Neurosciences (Joint Replacement), Orthopedics and Cardiothoracic Surgery (Renal Surgery, Liver Surgery, etc.).
- General OT – This includes all basic surgical disciplines, including FRU OT, district hospital OTs and Ophthalmology. Day care center: The admission of patients for planned surgery and return home the same day would fall under general OT.
- The following basic assumptions were kept in mind:
- The OT must be occupied by a standard of 5-8 people at any time. * Equipment load: A standard equipment load of 5 to 7 kW is considered for each OT, and a lighting load of one kW. Equipment load for super specialty OT can be 7 – 9KW.
- The ambient temperature and humidity levels at each location should be taken into consideration when designing the system.
Requirements – General OT
- Air Changes per Hour
- According to international guidelines, the minimum total air change should be 20, although this will vary depending on the biological load and location.
- Minimum 4 air changes of fresh air is required out of a total of minimum 20 air changes.
- Air Velocity should be the same as in previous guide.
- Positive Pressure: It is necessary to maintain a positive pressure differential in OT and adjacent areas to prevent air from outside entering OT.
- The same should apply to air handling and filtration. If this is not possible, then the OTs must be ventilated and have 2 levels of filters with the same efficiencies specified before (micro vee and pre filters at the AHU).
- Temperature and Humidity. Installing appropriate devices that monitor and display the conditions in the OT is possible.
Maintenance according to NABH standards for modular OT
The AHU will run continuously (without temperature control) during the non-functional times. To conserve energy, variable frequency devices (VFDs) can be used. VFD can reduce air changes by 25% when not in operation, provided that the positive pressure relationship does not change.
NABH (National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers) has specific guidelines for the maintenance of modular operation theaters (OTs) to ensure the safety and well-being of patients. The following are some of the key aspects of maintenance that are required as per NABH standards:
Regular cleaning and disinfection: The OT should be cleaned and disinfected regularly to maintain hygiene and prevent infections. The frequency of cleaning and disinfection should be determined based on the usage of the OT and the type of procedures performed.
Maintenance of HVAC system: The HVAC (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning) system in the OT should be maintained regularly to ensure that the air quality is of the highest standard. This includes regular inspection, cleaning, and replacement of filters.
Proper functioning of equipment: All equipment used in the OT should be regularly checked for proper functioning and calibration.
Regular inspections: The OT should be inspected regularly by a qualified engineer to ensure that all systems are functioning properly. The engineer should provide a report of the inspection and any necessary corrective actions.
Documentation and record keeping: All maintenance activities should be properly documented, including details of the maintenance performed, any corrective actions taken, and the date of the next scheduled maintenance.
Training of staff: All staff members who work in the OT should receive appropriate training on the maintenance and operation of equipment and systems.
Cleaning of micro vee and pre filters is recommended every 15 days. As per the manufacturer’s recommendations, all parts of AHU should be maintained.
Adherence to these NABH standards for maintenance of modular OTs can help ensure the safety and well-being of patients undergoing surgical procedures.
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